Trapp, R.J., 2013:  Mesoscale-Convective Processes in the Atmosphere, Cambridge University Press, 346 pp.

 Formal (In Review):


Carroll-Smith, D., J. M. Done, and R. J. Trapp, 2015:  Climatology of tropical cyclone flash flooding over the U.S.  Environmental Research Letters, in review. 

Formal (In print):


R. J. Trapp and J. M. Woznicki, 2017:  Convectively induced stabilizations and subsequent recovery with supercell thunderstorms during the Mesoscale Predictability Experiment (MPEX).  Mon. Wea. Rev.145, 1739-1754.   

Dawson, L. C., R. J. Trapp, G. S. Romine, and M. E. Baldwin, 2017:  Verifying supercellular rotation in a convection-permitting ensemble forecasting system with radar-derived rotation track data.  Weather and Forecasting, 32, 781-795.  

Trapp, R. J., and K. A. Hoogewind, 2016:  The realization of extreme tornadic storm events under pseudo-global warming.  Journal of Climate, 29, 5251-5265.  

Trapp, R. J., D. Stensrud, M. Coniglio, R. Schumacher, M. Baldwin, S. Waugh, and D. Conlee, 2015:  Mobile radiosonde deployments during the Mesoscale Predictability Experiment (MPEX): Rapid and adaptive sampling of upscale convective feedbacks.  Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society, 97, 329-336.

Weisman, M., R. J. Trapp, and others, 2015:  The Mesoscale Predictability Experiment (MPEX).  Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society, 96, 2127-2150.

Trier, S., G. Romine, D. Ahijevych, R. J. Trapp, R. Schumacher, M. Coniglio, and D. Stensrud, 2015: Mesoscale Thermodynamic Influences on Convection Initiation near a Surface Dryline in a Convection-Permitting Ensemble. Monthly Weather Review, 143, 3726-3753.

Villanueva-Birriel, C. M., S. Lasher-Trapp, R. J. Trapp, and N. S. Diffenbaugh, 2014:  Sensitivity of the Warm Rain Process in Convective Clouds to Regional Climate Change in the Contiguous U.S., Journal of Clouds and Aerosols.

Trapp, R. J., 2014: On the significance of multiple consecutive days of tornado activityMonthly Weather Review, 142, 1452–1459

Diffenbaugh, N.S., M. Scherer, and R. Trapp, 2013:  Robust increases in severe thunderstorm environments in response to greenhouse forcing.  Proceedings, National Academy of Sciences, doi: 10.1073/pnas.1307758110.

Robinson, E. D., R. J. Trapp, and M. E. Baldwin, 2013:  The geospatial and temporal distributions of severe thunderstorms from high-resolution dynamical downscaling.  Journal of Applied Meteorology and Climatology, 52, 2147-2161.

Trapp, R. J., and H. E. Brooks, 2013: Regional characterization of tornado activityJournal of Applied Meteorology and Climatology, 52, 654-659.

Toth, M. E., R. J. Trapp, K. K. Kosiba, and J. Wurman, 2012:  Comparison of mobile-radar measurements of tornado intensity with corresponding WSR-88D measurements.  Weather and Forecasting, 28, 418-426. 

Kunkel, K. E., and co-authors (incl. R. J. Trapp), 2012:  Monitoring and understanding trends in extreme storms:  State of knowledge.  Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society, 94, 499-514.

Hitchens, N., M. E. Baldwin, and R. J. Trapp, 2012:  An object-oriented characterization of extreme precipitation-producing convective systems in the Midwestern United States.  Monthly Weather Review, 140, 1356-1366. 

Carley, J. R., B. R. J. Schwedler, M. E. Baldwin, R. J. Trapp, J. Kwiatkowski, J. Logsdon, and S. J. Weiss, 2011:  A proposed model-based methodology for feature-specific prediction for high impact weather.  Weather and Forecasting, 26, 243-249.

Trapp, R. J., E. D. Robinson, M. E. Baldwin, N. S. Diffenbaugh, and B. R. J. Schwedler, 2010: Regional climate of hazardous convective weather through high-resolution dynamical downscalingClimate Dynamics, doi: 10.1007/s00382-010-0826-y

Hitchens, N., R. J. Trapp, M. E. Baldwin, and A. Gluhovsky, 2010:  Characterizing sub-diurnal extreme precipitation in the Midwestern United States.  Journal of Hydrometeorology, 11, 211-218.

Huber, M., and J. Trapp, 2009:  A review of NEXRAD Level II:  Data, Distribution, and Applications.  Journal of Terrestrial Observation, 2, 5-15.

Ashfaq, M., Y. Shi. W.-w. Tung, R. J. Trapp, X. Gao, J. S. Pal, and N. S. Diffenbaugh, 2009:  Suppression of South Asia summer monsoon precipitation in the 21st century. Geophysical Research Letters, L01704, doi:10.1029/2008GL036500.

Trapp, R. J., N. S. Diffenbaugh, and A. Gluhovsky, 2009:  Transient response of severe thunderstorm forcing to elevated greenhouse gas concentrations.  Geophysical Research Letters, 36, L01703, doi:10.1029/2008GL036203.

Diffenbaugh, N.S., R. J. Trapp, and H. E. Brooks, 2008:  Challenges in identifying influences of global warming on tornado activity.  Eos Transactions, 89(53), 553-554.

Markowski, P., E. Rasmussen, J. Straka, R. Davies-Jones, Y. Richardson, and R. J. Trapp, 2008:  Vortex lines within low-level mesocyclones obtained from pseudo-dual-Doppler radar observations.  Monthly Weather Review, 136, 3513-3535.

Wheatley, D. M., and R. J. Trapp, 2008: The effect of mesoscale heterogeneity on the genesis and structure of mesovortices within quasi-linear convective systems.  Monthly Weather Review, 136, 4220-4241.

Kosiba, K. A., R. J. Trapp, and J. Wurman, 2008:  An analysis of the axisymmetric three-dimensional low level wind field in a tornado using mobile radar observations.  Geophysical Research Letters, 35, L05805, doi:10.1029/2007GL031851.

Trapp, R. J., N. S. Diffenbaugh, H. E. Brooks, M. E. Baldwin, E. D. Robinson, and J. S. Pal, 2007:  Changes in severe thunderstorm environment frequency during the 21st century caused by anthropogenically enhanced global radiative forcing.  Proceedings, National Academy of Sciences, 104, 19719-19723, doi: 10.1073/pnas.0705494104.

Moore, G. E., M. Levine, J. D. Anderson, and R. J. Trapp, 2007: Meteorological influence on the occurrence of gastric dilatation-volvulus in military working dogs in Texas.  International Journal of Biometeorology, doi:10.1007/s00484-007-0115-6. 

Trapp, R. J., B. Halvorson, and N. S. Diffenbaugh, 2007: Telescoping, multimodel approaches to evaluate extreme convective weather under future climates, Journal of Geophysical Research, 112, D20109, doi:10.1029/2006JD008345.

Schultz, D. M., K. M. Kanak, J. M. Straka, R. J. Trapp, B. A. Gordon, D. S. Zrnic, P. M. Kastner-Klein, C. A. Doswell III, G. H. Bryan, D. K. Lilly, and T. J. Garrett, 2006:  The mysteries of mammatus clouds:  Observations and formation mechanisms.  Journal of the Atmospheric Sciences, 63, 2409-2435.

Trapp, R. J., D. M. Wheatley, N. T. Atkins, R. W. Przybylinski, and R. Wolf, 2006:  Buyer beware:  Some words of caution on the use of severe wind reports in post-event assessment and research.  Weather and Forecasting, 21, 408-415.

Wheatley, D. M, R. J. Trapp, and N. T. Atkins, 2006: Radar and Damage Analysis of Severe Bow Echoes Observed during BAMEX, Monthly Weather Review, 134, 791-806.

Diffenbaugh, N. S., J. S. Pal, R. J. Trapp, and F. Giorgi, 2005:  Interactions of large- and fine-scale processes dictate the greenhouse response of extreme daily climate events over the United States.  Proceedings, National Academy of Sciences, 102, 15774-15778.

Trapp, R. J., G. J. Stumpf, and K. L. Manross, 2005:  A reassessment of the percentage of tornadic mesocyclones.  Weather and Forecasting, 20, 680-687.

Atkins, N. T., C. S. Bouchard, R. W. Przybylinski, R. J. Trapp, and G. Schmocker, 2005:  Damaging surface wind mechanisms within the 10 June 2003 Saint Louis bow echo event during BAMEX. Monthly Weather Review, 133, 2275–2296. 

Trapp, R. J., S. A. Tessendorf, E. G. Savageau, and H. E. Brooks, 2005:  Tornadoes in squall lines and bow echoes.  Part I:  Climatological distribution.  Weather and Forecasting, 40, 23-34.

Davis, C., N. Atkins, D. Bartels, L. Bosart, M. Coniglio, G. Bryan, W. Cotton, D. Dowell, B. Jewett, R. Johns, D. Jorgensen, J. Knievel, K. Knupp, W.-C. Lee, G. McFarquahar, J. Moorse, R. Przybylinski, R. Rabuer, B. Smull, R. J. Trapp, S. Trier, R. Wakimoto, M. Weisman, and C. Ziegler, 2004: The Bow Echo and MCV Experiment: Observations and Opportunities.  Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society, 85, 1075-1092.

Weisman, M. L., and R. J. Trapp, 2003:  Low-level mesovortices within squall lines and bow echoes:  Part I.  Overview and dependence on environmental shear. Monthly Weather Review, 131, 2779-2803.

Trapp, R. J., and M. L. Weisman, 2003:  Low-level mesovortices within squall lines and bow echoes:  Part II.  Their genesis and implications. Monthly Weather Review, 131, 2804-2823.

Schultz, D. M., and R. J. Trapp, 2003:  Nonclassical cold-frontal structure caused by dry subcloud air in northern Utah during the Intermountain Precipitation Experiment (IPEX), Monthly Weather Review, 130, 2222-2246.

Rust, W.D. and R. J. Trapp, 2002:  Initial balloon soundings of the electric field in winter nimbostratus clouds in the USA, Geophysical Research Letters, 29, 20-1 – 20-4.   

Schultz, D. M., W. J. Steenburgh, R. J. Trapp, and co-authors, 2002:  The Intermountain Precipitation Experiment, Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society, 83, 189-210. 

Trapp, R. J., N. T. Atkins, H. E. Fuelberg, J. G. LaDue, K. J. Pence, T. L. Smith, and G. J. Stumpf, 2001:  Meeting Summary:  20th Conference on Severe Local Storms, Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society, 82, 2251-2258.

 Trapp, R. J., D. M. Schultz, A. V. Ryzhkov, and R. L. Holle, 2001:  Multiscale analysis of an Oklahoma winter-precipitation event. Monthly Weather Review, 129, 486-501. 

Trapp, R. J., 2000:  A clarification of vortex breakdown and tornadogenesis. Monthly Weather Review, 128, 888-895.

Trapp, R. J. and C. A. Doswell III, 2000:  Radar data objective analysis.  Journal of Atmospheric and Oceanic Technology, 17, 105-120. 

Trapp, R. J., E. D. Mitchell, G. A. Tipton, D. A. Effertz, A. I. Watson, D. L. Andra, and M. A. Magsig, 1999:  Descending and non-descending tornadic vortex signatures detected by WSR-88D’s.  Weather and Forecasting, 14, 625-639.

Grice, G. K., Trapp, R. J., S. F. Corfidi, R. Davies-Jones, C. C. Buononno, J. P. Craven, K. K. Droegemeier, C. Duchon, J. V. Houghton, R. A. Prentice, G. Romine, K. Schlachter, and K. K. Wagner, 1999:  The golden anniversary celebration of the first tornado forecast, Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society, 80, 1341-1348. 

Trapp, R. J., 1999:  Observations of nontornadic low-level mesocyclones and attendant tornadogenesis failure during VORTEX. Monthly Weather Review, 127, 1693-1705.

Trapp, R. J., and R. Davies-Jones, 1997:  Tornadogenesis with and without a dynamic pipe effect. Journal of the Atmospheric Sciences, 54, 113-133. 

Trapp, R. J. and B. H. Fiedler, 1995:  Tornado-like vortexgenesis in a simplified numerical model. Journal of the Atmospheric Sciences, 52, 3757-3778.

Trapp, R. J. and B. H. Fiedler, 1993: Numerical simulation of tornado-like vortices in asymmetric flow.  The Tornado:  Its  Structure, Dynamics, Prediction, and Hazards.  C. R. Church (Ed.), AGU Geophysical Monograph Series, Washington, 49-54.

Fiedler, B. H. and R. J. Trapp, 1993: A fast dynamic grid adaption scheme for meteorological flows. Monthly Weather Review, 121, 2879-2888.

Book Chapters:

Trapp, R. J., 2002:  Severe Thunderstorms.  Encyl. Phys. Science and Technol., Academic Press, San Diego, 735-749.

Davies-Jones, R., R. J. Trapp, and H. B. Bluestein, 2001:  Tornadoes and tornadic storms, Severe Convective Storms, Meteorological Monograph, No. 50, Amer. Meteor. Soc., 167-222.